We admire wonders of nature and try to crack secrets of optical illusions, but they all are based on particular scientific laws. You can not only see many wonders in one place, but also experiment and crack many secrets. In Moscow’s Experimentarium Science Museum, there are several areas which correspond to different branches of physics – mechanics, electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, astrophysics and hydrodynamics. Three hundred interactive models, which you can press, turn or pull, help you to explore the scientific laws. On the wall near every model, there is a board with the explanation on how to experiment, what should be the result and why it happens.
Why do the washers start to move in a spiral after free-fall? How to make the weight lighter? Why doesn't a shorter way doesn’t take less time than a longer one? The ball rolling on the curved track will finish first, and the ball rolling on the shortest straight track will be the second. In the Mechanics area, you can experiment with mechanical models and try to solve the riddles. You can stand on an arch bridge or sit on a chair-elevator and lift yourself.
In the Optic area, you can see the colored shadow and learn how a thermal camera works, play music with the help of sonic rays or a laser harp, and look down into an endless well. Think, if there is no yellow projector, why there is a yellow shadow? How does a person find the way in the dark? Try to take a sweet from a plate. You can’t. Yes, because it is a mirage. Two parabolic mirrors form a virtual image of a sweet. You can learn many things about light, optic illusions and human sight and create your abstract portrait.
In the Water area, you can investigate the qualities of the water and learn how scientific laws helped to create such things as water mills, hydroelectric stations, canal-locks and how they work. You can see a whirlpool, touch a real cloud, create a tsunami and investigate how the waves are created.
The Experimentarium offers several bright and entertaining scientific shows in Russian. Unique qualities of gases, light, sound and crystals are demonstrated. Fantastic chemical experiments are performed during the Mendeleev show. We can find ourselves in the laboratory of Nikola Tesla and see some experiments with electricity.
Have you ever spoken on the echo phone? Have you ever used Crook’s radiometer, pneumatic tubes, Foucault breaks? Do you like soap bubbles? Would you like to ‘see’ the sound with your eyes? Do you know what happens to a person falling to a black hole? If you find some of these things interesting, then come to explore the scientific laws in Moscow’s Experimentarium.
Cover photo © credits to Victoria Derzhavina
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