Liberty Square or Freedom Square is located in the central part of Tbilisi. This is a place that has witnessed many events, and over time, it was reconstructed or renamed multiple times. The history of this square makes people think how fast the time changes and how a city is like a living organism - developing and growing continuously.
Liberty Square is a heart of Tbilisi, and its name represents the main value and a spirit of Georgian people. As I have mentioned many times in other stories, for centuries Georgia was surrounded by multiple enemies at the same time, but no matter who they were, we have always managed to survive. That is why in the center of the square you can see a 40 meters tall monument of freedom and victory. At the top of the monument, there is a golden statue of St. George slaying the dragon. In 2006, Zurab Tsereteli generously offered this monument to the city. He is also an author of famous “Stonehenge of Tbilisi”.
There was a time when the place of Liberty Square was not even considered as a part of the city, and it was simply called a suburb. Later in the 17th century, there was built a king’s caravansary, where travelers could rest and recover from the journey. Over the years, this square has changed many names. It was named Erivan Square under the imperial Russia, Lenin Square under the Soviet Union. At some point it time, it was also called Beria Square, not to mention several informal names related to the buildings around. From 1990, as a fight for freedom became very important for every Georgian, it was renamed to Liberty Square.
There are many interesting places around Liberty Square including Tbilisi City Assembly, Pushkin Park, where you can relax and The Museum of Fine Arts, where you can see many valuable items representing Georgian culture and art. In addition, you can visit the Galleria Tbilisi for shopping or just enjoy walking along the Galaktion Tabidze Street, where you can find many restaurants and cafes. However, if you want to continue exploring the city, you can get to any other part of Tbilisi within several minutes from the Liberty Square Metro Station, which is next to the Galleria Tbilisi.
Liberty Square was also the site of the Rose Revolution in 2003 and many more important demonstrations, for instance massive demonstrations for the independence from the Soviet Union. That is why the Independence Day on 26th of May is often celebrated here. On this day in 1991, Zviad Gamsakhurdia became the first elected President of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era. By the way, back in 1907 when this square was named Erivan Square, famous Tiflis Bank robbery took place here under the leadership of young Stalin.
As you already learnt, Liberty Square was the site of many important events, that is why I think that there you can feel the spirit of Georgian people. In generaI, when you visit one place, it is essential to know the story behind it because, after all, it is not the rocks and constructions that inspire people. More important is the story of people and generations thanks to which this place stands today.
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