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The Elephanta Caves in Mumbai are a unique instance of ancient Indian sculpture and cave art. Located 10 kilometers offshore of Mumbai, on the Elephanta Island (Gharapuri Island), the Elephanta Caves were built sometime between the 5th century and the 8th century. There are 7 rock-cut caves out of which 5 caves are dedicated to Lord Shiva, and 2 caves are erstwhile Buddhist shrines. The Elephanta Caves were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. ©istock/ Shams