Teatr Syrena

Ul. Litewska 3, 00-589 Warsaw, Poland

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The Warsaw Mermaid Theater is probably the most Warsaw of all Warsaw theaters. It was founded just after the war in Łódź by the eminent satirist Jerzy Jurandot, with the intention of the quickest transfer to Warsaw. The first premiere of the Theater was given on 5 July 1945 on a makeshift stage in the Łódź Grand Hotel. The first of the Pleiades of excellent actors who signed the contract with the Syrena was Edward Dziewoński. In December 1948, Syrena inaugurated its premises in its prefabricated buildings in the pre-war stables at Litewska Street 3. The first Warsaw premiere of the Syrena Theater took place on December 12, 1948. From the beginning, the Theater has assembled a true star constellation in Lithuania. Firstly, it was created by Adolf Dymsza, Tadeusz Olsza, Stefania Górska, Ludwik Sempolinski, Jadwiga Andrzejewska, Mira Zimińska, and later Kazimierz Krukowski and Loda Halam. These actors originated from prewar war cabarets in Warsaw, primarily from the famous Qui pro quo and Morskie Oko. Thanks to them, the Theater of Syrena, as the only theater in postwar Poland, continued the great tradition and style of those satirical and revivalist theaters. Soon after the masters, Kazimierz Rudzki, Hanka Bielicka, , Roman Kłosowski, Bohdan Łazuki, Wieslaw Drzewicz or Tadeusz Pluciński. Only the most famous, most often associated with the Syrena, and often present on this stage, have been mentioned here. Next to them, some prominent Polish artists appeared in the Syrena, starting with the great Jerzy Leszczyński, through Stanisław Perzanowska, Tadeusz Fijewski, Barbara Krafftówna, Jaremba Stępowski and Bernard Ładysza. In addition to the above mentioned actors, Jerzy Bielenia, Witold Borkowski, Maria Chmurkowska, Jadwiga Chojnacka, Tadeusz Drozda, Jerzy Duszyński, Barbara Fijewska, Mieczysław Fogg, Wienczysław Gliński, Antonina Gordon-Gorecki, Irena Górska and Marek Grechuta performed on the stage of the Syrena Theater. Teresa Lipowska, Czeslaw Majewski, Zdzisław Maklakiewicz, Barbara Marszel, Krystyna Mazurówna, Józef Nowak, Jerzy Oreski, Mieczyslaw Pawlikowski, Jerzy Pichelski, Jan Pietrzak, Jerzy . There are several other names that could be added to the history and present of the Polish theater. The Siren always cooperated with excellent authors such as Tuwim, Gałczyński, Słonimski, Broniewski, Brzechwa, Wiech, Gozdaw and Stępień, Jurandot, Waldorff, Grodzieńska, Minkiewicz, Marianowicz, Pietrzak, Kreczmar, Koft, Młynarski, Załucki, Jaroszyński, Gronski and many other. Zdzisław Gozdawa and Waclaw Stępień provided the texts and the textbooks for several decades. They wrote vaudeville, comedies, skits, dialogues, monologues, songs, blekats, and "vice" conferences. They treated everything that was happening in life - big politics and little gossips, capitalist news and Polish customs, Opole festival and street repairs, personnel changes and bed scandals. They were writing at night, and at that time Broniewski was visiting them, bringing in his poems, and Gałczyński came in to take them to a night ride on a cab. On the stage of the siren, they made their debut as dramatists. Sławomir Mrożek, Stanisław Tym and Zbigniew Korpolewski. From the beginning of its existence, the Syrena has chosen two repertoire lines, which they consistently follow to the present day, in line with the expectations of the audience. On the one hand, the theater displays contemporary art in the style of satirical cabaret, with very up-to-date content and cut wit. On the other hand, on the scene of the Mermaids, musical comedies or farce from the classical Polish and foreign repertoire, as well as contemporary works, could be seen. There are several performances that can be mentioned here, such as Madagascar Soldier, Dobrzanski and Tuwim (1954), Madan Sans-Gene by Marianowicz and Minkiewicz by Sardou Labiche's "Straw hat" (1961), "Wodewil warsaw" by Gozdawa and Stępnia (1974), Roszkiewicz's and Korpolewski's crouching dances (1991), Cafe pod Minoga by Wiecha and Majdrowicz (1994). In 1945, the Syrena Theater was created as a co-operative of Actors. In 1951 the theater was nationalized. Today, after many years, it still has the same name, and from the state became the Local Government Theater. Twice - in the years 1958-1962 and 1975-1978 - Theater Syrena as the second stage led Theater Buffo. Theaters had a joint management and team, and periodically even used the name Theater Buffo "Syrena". This was due to the desire to meet the great success of the show, which was always enjoyed by the theater. It seems that it was in the Syrena that we managed to develop the most effective and perhaps the most enjoyable style in our environment for the widest audience. In the case of the Syrena Theater, this term should be understood literally, for it includes professors, journalists and representatives of the so-called liberal professions, as well as the less artistic artist, or, as he prefers, less tasteless tastes. For many years, the Siren was the only Warsaw theater specializing in light comedy and farce, as these genres were considered "unworthy of the thinking man" and could only be found in the theater with the official "non-serious" seal. While in this field the monopoly of the Mermaid has been successfully broken, it remains the only stationary stage of entertainment, presenting the satirical and political currents in a satirical and humorous way, cultivating the great tradition of Polish literature of this genre.

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