Vatican City (Città del Vaticano), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City is the smallest independent state in the world and residence of the spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church, located within the city of Rome.
The Vatican City is a tiny fragment when compared with the extensive Papal States of central Italy, which were conquered by the forces of Italian unification in the mid-19th century. The Vatican City itself packs many imposing buildings into its small area. These include St Peter's Basilica, a pilgrimage site. The Vatican Museums and Art Galleries house the priceless art collections of the popes.
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