Parku Kombëtar i Butrintit


Address:
Zyra e Administrimit dhe Koordinimit Butrint, Sarandë

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Description

Butrint National Park is a source of national pride and is known gjerazi outside the borders, not only because of archaeological remains but also as a place of natural beauty, as an area for the protection of wild creatures and plant life. The geographical position and magnificent ruins of Butrint give a unique atmosphere, which has enchanted visitors for centuries. In a swampy ground park itself named after the ancient city that lies at its heart. It was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage center in 1992 and 12 thousand hectares are part of his "Areas Wetland of International Importance" by the Ramsar Convention. The park has ecological diversity with different biosphere which hold diverse varieties of plant and animal life many of which are declared as endangered globally. The most intense life of birds takes place during the winter and early spring, which is also considered as the most favorable periods of the year for the first season thousands of migratory birds found in swampy land.      Park boundaries of 94 km² are: in the north of the river Bistrica, in the South Hills Korafit, Ionian sea west and east Mali Miles. The park has a variety of a variety of aquatic bird species, due to the salt marshes presence and fresh water Bufi lake and Butrint lagoon of Armor, the mouth of a channel and Pavle river as well as a broad field which flooded partially especially during the winter. Vivari Channel is famous for its wealth of fish it holds. Otters can be found on both sides of the Pavle also Vivarit the river channel. Vrina field, pasture with large drainage channels accommodates mammals, reptiles, amphibians and various birds singing, while forests and stubble of the surrounding hills accommodate most large mammals such as wolves, çakenjtë, foxes and Lalat bride.     According to mythology the city of Butrint was built by the Trojans at about the 13 th pr.Kr. strategic control of Butrint in Jon and land parts in the Balkans made it desirable from the major European powers since the Peloponnesian War in the 5th century to the Napoleonic them in the 19th century. Hellenes, Romans, Byzantines, Venetians and Ottoman Turks all have given the city's shape and monuments visible today in the Park.      The nucleus of the century Hellenistic period of four city pr.kr took place near a temple dedicated to Asclepius. With the gifts offered to the temple there was built a century theater from the 3. pr.Kr. which is one of the most spectacular monuments now. It was re-modeled Theater during the imperial period where Butrint had the privilege of being Roman colony town. During the 4th century he held a series of private residences such as the Trikonkës Palace. During the fifth century there were a number of other religious constructions where certain Great Basilica as well as other basilicas located around the city Vrinë, Diaporit, etc. Acropolis. as well as the baptistery. By the end of the century 5th threat from vandals brought the city building a new perimeter wall. The city fell into the hands of different like the Normans, Byzantine Empire, twice Despotate of Epirus, was twice overrun by Angevin kings until Corfu together with the Serene Republic of Venice in 1386. Medieval Revival Butrint as an urban center was a kontrrollua small castle of the 13th century located in the acropolis and rebuilt by Luigi Maria Ugolini. Butrint stayed under Venice about 400 years. Rise of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century placed in front Butrint are occupied city time after time. After 1815 Butrint began to be visited by day trippers who attended Corfu as a result of his British invasion. Artists such as Edward Lear and Henry Cook documented with photos and Butrint paintings, after the city fell into the hands of Ali Pasha and since the city's glory era began to fade until it began before the 1928 excavations by italian archaeologist Luigi Maria Ugolini.

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