Besides being a capital city, Baku is also a cultural center of Azerbaijan. Therefore, there are many different museums. The main differentiating aspect of the museums in Baku is their extra-ordinary architecture. Moreover, one of the worth-seeing museums is Nizami Museum of Azerbaijani Literature, which has valuable manuscripts and exhibits, as well as a spectacular architecture. It is located not far from Fountain Square, near the main entrance of Icherisheher (Old Town).
The overall design of the building is different from any building in the city. However, the museum grabs an attention from the first sight, as it has 6 enormous monuments of poets and writers as a main part of the building. All six of them – Muhammad Fuzuli, Molla Panah Vagif, Mirza Fatali Akhundov, Khurshidbanu Natavan, Jalil Mammadguluzadeh and Jafar Jabbarli – are the most prominent persons of Azerbaijan history. What’s more, the design of the building is one the most astonishing examples of the eastern architecture not only in Azerbaijan, but also in the world. Remarkable traditional motifs and shapes that represent rich culture of Azerbaijan make the building even more admirable. Another interesting fact about the exterior design of the building is the pictures of poets and a few sentences from their poems written under the pictures on the walls, which cover the building.
The building of the museum was built in 19th century and was used for different purposes throughout the years. Firstly, the building was a caravanserai (a roadside inn in medieval ages), whereas it became a hotel in 1915. Another importance of the building is that the members of the Cabinet of Ministers who established the first democratic republic in the eastern world lived here. Finally, in 1939 the building became a museum and named after the eminent Azeri poet Nizami Ganjavi.
Nizami Museum of Azerbaijani Literature is the main center where you can find a huge number of exhibits regarding not only Azerbaijan literature, but also its culture. Besides that, the most valuable exemplars of Azerbaijan literature, such as manuscripts of Nizami’s “Eskandar Nameh”, Fuzuli’s “Bangu-Bade” is reserved here. In addition, traditional clothes of Azerbaijan, clothes of warriors in medieval ages, various accessories and many others are among the exhibits demonstrated in the museum. The interior design of the museum can be considered as an exhibit, as it has wonderful architecture and marvelous art works on the walls.
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